Honors English 2 date:
Throughout history the definition of ‘hero’ has continued to change. An epic hero from the Anglo-Saxon period needed to possess supernatural powers, represent the values of his people, and destroy dark and powerful monsters. Today, we set the bar a little lower, allowing even ordinary people to be considered heroic. Or, rather, we recognize the heroism of living a ‘normal’ life with honor.
- Create a fully developed and discussed essay by choosing a modern/literary hero from the stories presented so far The Help and Tuesdays with Morrie, or someone from the time periods that the novels take place and discuss/prove that they would be a hero that the Anglo-Saxons would respect, and explain why he or she is heroic based upon the conventions presented by Arthurian legend. Think about using an aphorism as your central focus to help prove your point. The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language defines: An aphorism is a terse saying embodying a general truth, or astute observation, as “Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely.”
Purpose: The purpose of this essay is to reveal the purpose of didacticism through literature and example.
Audience: Teacher and classmates – readers will need background information and solid descriptions of events in order to bring the experience alive and real in the readers’ minds. You want the reader to live through the experience with you as you write it.
Tone: This is a formal paper so the tone should be objective. Do not use personal pronouns. This essay should be based on facts and evidence from the story and movie – it is not your opinion.
Things to consider:
- Consider your event
- Use sensory and specific details
- Use brainstorming, clustering, interviewing, and observing to help your memory
- Before writing make a list of the details that pertain to each story
- Focus on events, people, places, thoughts, and feelings
- Interpret your meaning – explain your meaning, make it understandable: put yourself in the reader’s place and suggest/discuss the meaning for the experience
- Organize your ideas – Go by the natural order of events: chronological (first, second, third, etc.)
- Cite as you go – the works cited is a working document and an integral part of your composition.
Structure – 3 parts: introduction, body and conclusion
- Introduction should be one or two paragraphs – to supply background information: what do readers need to know about people, places, or events to understand your experience. Your introduction may also let your readers know the experience you are going to tell has a certain importance.
- Body – present the events in chronological order (use transitional words like first, then and finally)
- One paragraph should explain the similarities between the representations of your characters – be sure to cite specific examples from the text and film
- Second body paragraph should explain the differences and why they occur – be sure to cite specific examples from the two characters
- Conclusion – (in one paragraph) end your essay by explaining the meaning of your experience. The meaning should be obvious to the reader by the way you’ve portrayed the experience.
Questions to consider in validating or disproving your ideas:
- Think about which characters are alienated because they are different in their views or values as compared to expectations of society.
- How are expectations of the character/society based on evidence from the story and evidence from history evidence to hypocrisy?
- Which character best illustrates the idea of freedom from those societal pressures and expectations? Which character(s) best illustrates the ideas of heroic deeds?
- Do the character’s actions support or disprove the stipulations of a hero/aphorism.
Tragic Hero Informative/Explanatory Essay Pre-Writing
- Complete thispre-writing assignment before beginning your essay.
Prompt: In a complete essay explain how _________________ is a hero according to Arthurian legend.
Evidence and explanation will come from content from the novels and history as well as direct quote that support your ideas – you should use at least two (2) quotes per major point to help support your ideas. Remember that quotes do not stand alone – the quote is to justify your point, not the point itself.
Introduction: (Be sure to state author and story in introduction transition and/or thesis)
Attention getter: ______________________________________________________________________
Transition sentences (at least 2) to connect attention getter to thesis statement:
Thesis statement (Morrie displays heroic characteristics by …) _________________________________________________________________________________
Transition sentence into body paragraph #1
Supporting details for #1
Quote to support your point:
Transition sentence into body paragraph #2
Supporting details for #2
Quote to support your point:
Transition sentence into body paragraph #3
Supporting details for #3
Quote to support your point:
Informative/Explanatory Essay Rubric: English II Academic
Focus and Organization – 25
|Has a clear thesis statement, and the claim is clearly maintained throughout the paper (W.9-10.2a)|
|Effectively organizes ideas, concepts, and information in well-developed paragraphs to make important connections and distinctions. (W.9-10.2a)|
|Each paragraph has a clear focus and uses a topic sentence to connect back to the thesis (W.9-10.2a) (9 points)|
|Uses transitions featuring appropriate and varied words, phrases and clauses to consistently and effectively link major sections and to create cohesion (W.9-10.2c|
|Provides a clear concluding statement that follows the information presented and elaborates on its significance (W.9-10.2f)|
Evidence and Elaboration – 50
|Clearly develops the topic in an academic manner appropriate to the audience’s knowledge of the topic (W.9-10.2b)|
|Uses well-chosen, relevant, and sufficient information and data – cited appropriately and according to MLA (facts, extended definitions, concrete details, and quotations) (W.9-10.2b)|
|Explains and relates with elaboration the significance of evidence to the thesis presented (W.9-10.2b)|
Style – 10
|Consistently and accurately integrates precise language and subject-specific vocabulary to address the complexity of the topic (W.9-10.2d)|
|Clearly establishes and maintains an academic style and objective tone in a manner that is appropriate to prompt and audience. (W.9-10.2e and W.9-10.4)|
Conventions – 15
|The writing is free of distracting errors and problems that prevent audience understanding (W9-10.5)|
|Consistently follows MLA format for citation to avoid plagiarism (W.9-10.8)|
***Paper will result in a zero if work is not cited appropriately and you will lose the revision option – if you have questions – ASK THEM.